Control of Substrate Conformation by Hydrogen Bonding in a Retaining β-Endoglycosidase

Alba Nin-Hill, Albert Ardevol, Xevi Biarnés, Antoni Planas, Carme Rovira

Producción científica: Artículo en revista indizadaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


Bacterial β-glycosidases are hydrolytic enzymes that depolymerize polysaccharides such as β-cellulose, β-glucans and β-xylans from different sources, offering diverse biomedical and industrial uses. It has been shown that a conformational change of the substrate, from a relaxed 4C1 conformation to a distorted 1S3/1,4B conformation of the reactive sugar, is necessary for catalysis. However, the molecular determinants that stabilize the substrate's distortion are poorly understood. Here we use quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM)-based molecular dynamics methods to assess the impact of the interaction between the reactive sugar, i. e. the one at subsite −1, and the catalytic nucleophile (a glutamate) on substrate conformation. We show that the hydrogen bond involving the C2 exocyclic group and the nucleophile controls substrate conformation: its presence preserves sugar distortion, whereas its absence (e.g. in an enzyme mutant) knocks it out. We also show that 2-deoxy-2-fluoro derivatives, widely used to trap the reaction intermediates by X-ray crystallography, reproduce the conformation of the hydrolysable substrate at the experimental conditions. These results highlight the importance of the 2-OH⋅⋅⋅nucleophile interaction in substrate recognition and catalysis in endo-glycosidases and can inform mutational campaigns aimed to search for more efficient enzymes.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículoe202302555
PublicaciónChemistry - A European Journal
EstadoPublicada - 14 dic 2023


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