Enhanced Production of Λb0 Baryons in High-Multiplicity pp Collisions at s =13 TeV

(LHCb Collaboration)

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review


The production rate of Λb0 baryons relative to B0 mesons in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy s=13 TeV is measured by the LHCb experiment. The ratio of Λb0 to B0 production cross sections shows a significant dependence on both the transverse momentum and the measured charged-particle multiplicity. At low multiplicity, the ratio measured at LHCb is consistent with the value measured in e+e- collisions, and increases by a factor of ∼2 with increasing multiplicity. At relatively low transverse momentum, the ratio of Λb0 to B0 cross sections is higher than what is measured in e+e- collisions, but converges with the e+e- ratio as the momentum increases. These results imply that the evolution of heavy b quarks into final-state hadrons is influenced by the density of the hadronic environment produced in the collision. Comparisons with several models and implications for the mechanisms enforcing quark confinement are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number081901
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2024


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