From dysbiosis to neuropathologies: Toxic effects of glyphosate in zebrafish

Marina Bellot, Maria Paula Carrillo, Juliette Bedrossiantz, Jiamin Zheng, Rupasri Mandal, David S. Wishart, Cristian Gómez-Canela, Maria Vila-Costa, Eva Prats, Benjamí Piña, Demetrio Raldúa

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts


Glyphosate, a globally prevalent herbicide known for its selective inhibition of the shikimate pathway in plants, is now implicated in physiological effects on humans and animals, probably due to its impacts in their gut microbiomes which possess the shikimate pathway. In this study, we investigate the effects of environmentally relevant concentrations of glyphosate on the gut microbiota, neurotransmitter levels, and anxiety in zebrafish. Our findings demonstrate that glyphosate exposure leads to dysbiosis in the zebrafish gut, alterations in central and peripheral serotonin levels, increased dopamine levels in the brain, and notable changes in anxiety and social behavior. While the dysbiosis can be attributed to glyphosate's antimicrobial properties, the observed effects on neurotransmitter levels leading to the reported induction of oxidative stress in the brain indicate a novel and significant mode of action for glyphosate, namely the impairment of the microbiome-gut-axis. While further investigations are necessary to determine the relevance of this mechanism in humans, our findings shed light on the potential explanation for the contradictory reports on the safety of glyphosate for consumers.

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article115888
RevistaEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 15 de gen. 2024


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