Exploring the gendered tourism entrepreneurial ecosystem in Barcelona and responses required: a feminist ethic of care

Daniela Freund, Itziar Ramírez García, Karla A. Boluk, Mireia Canut-Cascalló, María López-Planas

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts

3 Citacions (Web of Science)


Barcelona is an attractive location in Spain for tourism entrepreneurship; however, women are significantly under-represented. This study adopts a locally based perspective and a feminist ethic of care theoretical lens to give voice to tourism women entrepreneurs and members of the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Barcelona. The aim of our analysis is to understand the culture of the entrepreneurial ecosystem and seeks to answer the following research question: How does an entrepreneurial ecosystem that operates in a tourism entrepreneurship context characterized by gendered barriers, find support through gender equity resources and policies? To address this question, we have applied feminist theory to analyze the semi-structured interviews with female entrepreneurs and individuals committed to Barcelona’s entrepreneurial ecosystem. Our analysis revealed three main gender equity-related issues i.) Hunting and caring: The Gender Entrepreneurship Division; ii.) Social Conditioning and gender norms: Reinforcing Gender Inequities and iii.) Entrepreneuring and the Motherhood Penalty. Our findings draw attention to gender biases and opportunities to enhance equity in the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Barcelona by employing an ethic of care and committing to diversification. We offer a theoretical framework to understand and respond to gender inequities to enhance the success of women tourism entrepreneurs.

Idioma originalAnglès
Nombre de pàgines19
RevistaJournal of Sustainable Tourism
Data online anticipadad’abr. 2023
Estat de la publicacióPublicació electrònica prèvia a la impressió - d’abr. 2023


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