Temporal variation and asymmetry of sunspot and solar plage types from 1930 to 1936

A. Seguí, J. J. Curto, V. de Paula, R. Rodríguez-Gasén, J. M. Vaquero

Producción científica: Artículo en revista indizadaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Using the recently converted to digital format heliophysics catalogues of the Ebro Observatory published in the 1930s, we analyse simultaneously the temporal variation and asymmetry of two different solar structures located at different layers of the solar atmosphere: sunspots and solar plages. In particular, we do the research for all the types of sunspots and plages, including the daily and relative frequencies over the solar cycle. The data were catalogued using the sunspot Cortie classification and a solar plage classification scheme proposed by the Ebro Observatory, which group the phenomena by size and shape. For all types of both sunspots and plages, we observe a decrease in their frequency up to the end of solar cycle 16 and an increase over the beginning of solar cycle 17. Furthermore, we note that small sunspot groups are more likely to happen than bigger groups, although single big spots dominate near the solar minimum. The daily frequency of solar plage occurrences shows that there is not a dominance of compact or scattered solar plages. The North-South occurrence distribution of every type in both sunspots and solar plages shows an asymmetry during the solar cycle: in its declining phase, such asymmetry is directed to the north, while in the beginning of a new cycle is directed to the south.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)3738-3748
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónAdvances in Space Research
Volumen63
N.º11
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 jun 2019

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Temporal variation and asymmetry of sunspot and solar plage types from 1930 to 1936'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto