Socio-environmental correlates of physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Ane Arbillaga-Etxarri, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Anael Barberan-Garcia, Marta Benet, Eulàlia Borrell, Payam Dadvand, Maria Foraster, Alicia Marín, Mònica Monteagudo, Robert Rodriguez-Roisin, Pere Vall-Casas, Jordi Vilaró, Judith Garcia-Aymerich

Producción científica: Artículo en revista indizadaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

47 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background Study of the causes of the reduced levels of physical activity in patients with COPD has been scarce and limited to biological factors. Aim To assess the relationship between novel socio-environmental factors, namely dog walking, grandparenting, neighbourhood deprivation, residential surrounding greenness and residential proximity to green or blue spaces, and amount and intensity of physical activity in COPD patients. Methods This cross-sectional study recruited 410 COPD patients from five Catalan municipalities. Dog walking and grandparenting were assessed by questionnaire. Neighbourhood deprivation was assessed using the census Urban Vulnerability Index, residential surrounding greenness by the satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, and residential proximity to green or blue spaces as living within 300â €..m of such a space. Physical activity was measured during 1â €..week by accelerometer to assess time spent on moderate-To-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vector magnitude units (VMU) per minute. Findings Patients were 85% male, had a mean (SD) age of 69 (9) years, and post-bronchodilator FEV 1 of 56 (17) %pred. After adjusting for age, sex, socio-economic status, dyspnoea, exercise capacity and anxiety in a linear regression model, both dog walking and grandparenting were significantly associated with an increase both in time in MVPA (18â €..min/day (p<0.01) and 9â €..min/day (p<0.05), respectively) and in physical activity intensity (76â €..VMU/min (p=0.05) and 59â €..VMUs/min (p<0.05), respectively). Neighbourhood deprivation, surrounding greenness and proximity to green or blue spaces were not associated with physical activity. Conclusions Dog walking and grandparenting are associated with a higher amount and intensity of physical activity in COPD patients. Trial registration number Pre-results, NCT01897298.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)796-802
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónThorax
Volumen72
N.º9
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 sept 2017

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Socio-environmental correlates of physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto