Rationally blind? Rationality polarizes policy support for colour blindness versus multiculturalism

Jonas De keersmaecker, Katharina Schmid, Arne Roets, Namrata Goyal

Producción científica: Artículo en revista indizadaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Do White Americans prefer society to be ‘colour-blind’ by rising above racial identities, or ‘multicultural’ by openly discussing and considering them? We developed an ideology-rationality model to understand support for these diversity perspectives. Specifically, since people endorse a diversity perspective in line with their ideological values, we hypothesized that conservatism is related to a relative preference for colour blindness over multiculturalism. However, since colour blindness and multiculturalism are complex and multi-layered ideologies, we further hypothesized that the relationship between conservatism and a preference for colour blindness over multiculturalism is especially pronounced under higher levels of rationality. Results confirmed the hypotheses, either when rationality was operationalized within a dual process theory (Study 1, N = 496) or experimentally induced within a tripartite model of cognition (Study 2, N = 497). Higher levels of rationality guided White Americans high in conservatism towards a stronger preference for colour-blindness, but those low in conservatism towards a stronger preference for multiculturalism. These results suggest that among White Americans the endorsement of colour blindness versus multiculturalism stems from the interplay between ideological orientation and rationality and that rational considerations about racial policies may further divide rather than unify along ideological lines.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de páginas17
PublicaciónBritish Journal of Social Psychology
Fecha en línea anticipadajun 2023
DOI
EstadoPublicación electrónica previa a su impresión - jun 2023

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