Fracture assessment of polycarbonate parts produced by fused deposition modeling in the out-of-plane printing direction - effect of raster angle

Iman Sedighi, Majid R. Ayatollahi, Bahador Bahrami, Marco A. Pérez-Martínez, Andrés A. Garcia-Granada

Producción científica: Artículo en revista indizadaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the Mode I fracture behavior of polycarbonate (PC) parts produced using fused deposition modeling (FDM). The focus of this study is on samples printed along the out-of-plane direction with different raster angles. Design/methodology/approach: Tensile and Mode I fracture tests were conducted. Semi-circular bend specimens were used for the fracture tests, which were printed in four different raster patterns of (0/90), (15/−75) (30/−60) and (45/−45). Moreover, the finite element method (FEM) was used to determine the applicability of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) for the printed PC parts. The fracture toughness results, as well as the fracture path and the fracture surfaces, were studied to describe the fracture behavior of the samples. Findings: Finite element results confirm that the use of LEFM is allowed for the tested PC samples. The fracture toughness results show that changing the direction of the printed rasters can have an effect of up to 50% on the fracture toughness of the printed parts, with the (+45/−45) and (0/90) orientations having the highest and lowest resistance to crack propagation, respectively. Moreover, except for the (0/90) orientation, the other samples have higher crack resistance compared to the bulk material. The fracture toughness of the tested PC depends more on the toughness of the printed sample, rather than its tensile strength. Originality/value: The toughness and the energy absorption capability of the printed samples (with different raster patterns) were identified as the main properties affecting the fracture toughness of the AM PC parts. Because the fracture resistance of almost all the samples was higher than that of the base material, it is evident that by choosing the right raster patterns for 3D-printed parts, very high resistance to crack growth may be obtained. Also, using FEM and comparing the size of the plastic zones, it was concluded that, although the tensile curves show nonlinearity, LEFM is still applicable for the printed parts.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)226-235
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónRapid Prototyping Journal
Fecha en línea anticipadaago 2021
EstadoPublicada - 26 ene 2022


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