Exploring nurses' experiences: Abandoning the profession and migrating for improved opportunities

Paola Galbany-Estragués, Miquel Àngel Giménez-Lajara, Glòria Jodar-Solà, Rocio Casañas, Maria Romeu-Labayen, Encarnación Gomez-Gamboa, Olga Canet-Vélez

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Resumen

Aim: This study explores nurses' experiences in migration for employment and professional abandonment in Barcelona (Spain). Methods: Employing a mixed-design approach comprising 1) a qualitative descriptive phenomenological study, followed by 2) a subsequent cross-sectional study, 20 and 225 nurses participated in each study, respectively. Qualitative data, gathered through 4 focus group discussions, underwent inductive thematic analysis, following the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) guidelines, while quantitative data were descriptively analyzed. Findings: Three qualitative themes emerged: 1) Migration motives, such as improved job opportunities, permanent contracts, continuous training, and professional recognition; 2) Reasons for leaving or contemplating leaving the profession, including excessive workload, lack of recognition, limited development, and exhaustion; 3) Nurses' needs, encompassing more staffing, improved remuneration, permanent contracts, flexible schedules, greater autonomy, and career growth. The cross-sectional study revealed a 13.5 % professional abandonment rate at some point across all demographics and seniority levels. Migration trends varied by professional experience, with younger nurses seeking better conditions and opportunities elsewhere. Conclusions: Multifactorial causes underlie job migration and professional abandonment, necessitating comprehensive interventions to improve nurses' working and professional conditions.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo151787
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónApplied Nursing Research
Volumen77
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jun 2024

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