Exploring nurses' experiences: Abandoning the profession and migrating for improved opportunities

Paola Galbany-Estragués, Miquel Àngel Giménez-Lajara, Glòria Jodar-Solà, Rocio Casañas, Maria Romeu-Labayen, Encarnación Gomez-Gamboa, Olga Canet-Vélez

Producción científica: Artículo en revista indizadaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


Aim: This study explores nurses' experiences in migration for employment and professional abandonment in Barcelona (Spain). Methods: Employing a mixed-design approach comprising 1) a qualitative descriptive phenomenological study, followed by 2) a subsequent cross-sectional study, 20 and 225 nurses participated in each study, respectively. Qualitative data, gathered through 4 focus group discussions, underwent inductive thematic analysis, following the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) guidelines, while quantitative data were descriptively analyzed. Findings: Three qualitative themes emerged: 1) Migration motives, such as improved job opportunities, permanent contracts, continuous training, and professional recognition; 2) Reasons for leaving or contemplating leaving the profession, including excessive workload, lack of recognition, limited development, and exhaustion; 3) Nurses' needs, encompassing more staffing, improved remuneration, permanent contracts, flexible schedules, greater autonomy, and career growth. The cross-sectional study revealed a 13.5 % professional abandonment rate at some point across all demographics and seniority levels. Migration trends varied by professional experience, with younger nurses seeking better conditions and opportunities elsewhere. Conclusions: Multifactorial causes underlie job migration and professional abandonment, necessitating comprehensive interventions to improve nurses' working and professional conditions.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo151787
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónApplied Nursing Research
EstadoPublicada - jun 2024


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