Distribución diagnóstica de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria: comparativa entre el DSM-IV-TR y el DSM-5

Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Laura Cañas, Xavier Carbonell, Marta Carulla, Carolina Palma, Josep Matalí, Montse Dolz

Producción científica: Artículo en revista indizadaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

7 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction. The fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) includes a significant revision of Eating Disorders (ED). The objective of this study is to compare the distribution of diagnosis of ED in adolescents according to DSM-VI-TR and DSM-5 criteria. A second objective is to study the psychopathological differences between patients with ED (based on DSM-IV-TR) and those whose diagnosis changed by applying DSM-5 criteria. Methodology. One hundred and one adolescents diagnosed with ED (mean: 14.68 years; SD: 1.46) were evaluated with clinical interviews and scales for eating psychopathology, perfectionism, anxiety, and depression. Results. Applying the DSM-5 criteria led to a significant decrease in the diagnosed cases of Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS) (from 34.7% to 23.8%; p<0.001) and to a significant increase in those of anorexia nervosa (AN) (from 58.4% to 66.3%; p<0.001) and of bulimia nervosa (BN) (from 6.9% to 8.9%; p<0.001). No significant psychopathological differences were found between patients diagnosed with AN and BN based on DSM-IV-TR criteria and those newly diagnosed with AN and BN based on DSM-5 criteria. Discussion. Using DSM-5 criteria for adolescents with ED leads to a significant decrease in the frequency of an EDNOS diagnosis. As similar psychopathological characteristics were observed between ED patients diagnosed based on DSM-IV-TR and those who were switched from EDNOS to AN or BN based on DSM-5, we conclude that the new criteria for ED in DSM-5 are valid for an adolescent population.

Título traducido de la contribuciónDiagnostic Distribution of eating disorders: Comparison between DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)32-38
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónActas Espanolas de Psiquiatria
Volumen45
N.º1
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2017

Palabras clave

  • Adolescents
  • Diagnostic criteria
  • DSM-5
  • DSM-IV-TR
  • Eating disorders

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