Disseminated candidiasis in addicts who use brown heroin: Report of 83 cases and review

Josep Bisbe, Josep M. Miro, Xavier Latorre, Asuncion Moreno, Josep Mallolas, Josep M. Gatell, Jordi de la Bellacasa Puig, Eladio Soriano

Producción científica: Artículo en revista indizadaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

136 Citas (Scopus)


From November 1983 to April 1990, disseminated candidiasis was diagnosed in 83 heroin addicts at our institution. All patients had consumed brown heroin diluted in fresh lemon juice. Sixty-two (75%) had skin lesions, 41 (49%) had ocular lesions, and 35 (42%) had one or several costochondral tumors. Candida albicans was grown in culture or histopathologically identified in 34 cases (41%). The patients who had only cutaneous lesions were treated with ketoconazole, and they were all cured. The patients with ocular involvement received systemic amphotericin B with or without oral flucytosine; 29 of these patients developed varying degrees of vision loss. The method of treatment of costochondral tumors was not uniform; in 14 cases the lesions were resected. The one patient who died developed endocarditis involving the aortic valve. Cases of pleuropulmonary involvement, spondylitis, and large-joint arthritis have also been described among the 300 cases reported in the reviewed literature. This is a new syndrome of candidal infection in drug addicts who use brown heroin; ocular lesions are the most harmful manifestation, and loss of vision is the major sequela.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)910-923
Número de páginas14
PublicaciónClinical Infectious Diseases
EstadoPublicada - dic 1992
Publicado de forma externa


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