Diseño de una prueba de equilibrio con características contextuales para adultos mayores

A. M. Silva Artunduaga, M. Giné-Garriga, M. L. Alfonso Mora, S. F. Pedraza Vargas

    Producción científica: Artículo en revista indizadaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

    Resumen

    Background: Balance impairment is multifactorial in older adults and increases risk of falls in this population. There are tests to evaluate balance; nevertheless, they are focused on the evaluation of a single task, in static environments, without representing postural control demands in everyday life situations, such as person interaction-context and multi-tasking activities. Objectives: Design and validate a balance test with ecological validity for older adults. Materials and methods: A mixed data collection methodology was developed, with an exploratory sequential DEXPLOX methodological design derived from a DITRIAC concurrent triangulation design. Results: The results from the first 3 phases permitted constructing the items of the balance assessment test to, then, conduct the first validation by experts, determining a Fleiss’ kappa of 0.4 and a Lawshe content validity ratio of 0.95. The second validation by experts yielded as a result in face validity an excellent strength of inter-rater agreement and a Lawshe content validity ratio of 0.95 in relevance and 0.97 in pertinence. Conclusions: The test designed showed strong characteristics of ecological validity and can be applied to older adults, given that it includes items requiring somatosensory responses, like those performed in activities of daily living and items with cognitive dual task activities used in daily routines.

    Título traducido de la contribuciónDesign and validation of a balance test with context characteristics for older adults
    Idioma originalEspañol
    Páginas (desde-hasta)104-110
    Número de páginas7
    PublicaciónRehabilitacion
    Volumen55
    N.º2
    DOI
    EstadoPublicada - 1 abr 2021

    Palabras clave

    • Aged
    • Ecological validity
    • Postural balance
    • Rehabilitation

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