The influence of supervisory support, work effectiveness, work empowerment and stress secondary to residents' responsive behaviours on job satisfaction of nursing staff: A multisite cross-sectional study

Míriam Rodríguez-Monforte, Jennifer Bethell, Steven Stewart, Charlene H. Chu, Astrid Escrig-Pinol, Montserrat Gea-Sánchez, Katherine S. McGilton

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To examine the association between stress secondary to residents' responsive behaviours and job satisfaction of nurses and nursing assistants working in nursing homes. To test whether supervisory support, work effectiveness and work empowerment confound this relationship. Background: Understanding how the stress secondary to residents' responsive behaviours influences job satisfaction for staff and determining the factors influencing this relationship are important for retention of staff in nursing homes. The term ‘responsive behaviours’ refers to the subset of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Methods: Survey responses from 191 nursing assistants and 81 nurses in five nursing homes in Ontario were analysed. Results: Staff's stress attributed to residents' responsive behaviours was negatively associated with job satisfaction. This direct effect was weakened by more than a third through the confounding net effects of supervisory support, work effectiveness and work empowerment. Conclusion: The work environment created by leaders in nursing homes can lessen the influence of stress secondary to residents' responsive behaviours on staffs' job satisfaction. Implications for Nursing Management: Supervisors need training and education to support and mentor their staff effectively, and to guide their use of evidence-based practices that integrate the patient-centred care approach in order to effectively respond and minimize responsive behaviours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-507
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • job satisfaction
  • nursing assistants
  • regulated nurses
  • residents' responsive behaviours
  • work characteristics

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