The 15M, Podemos and the long crisis in Spain: Gramscian perspectives

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This article aims to analyze the 15M movement and its outcomes through Gramscian lenses. The 15M expressed a crisis of ruling class hegemony based on a crisis of political representation. It was a moment of collective splintering and political subjectivation. Viewed from Gramsci’s distinction between small and big politics, the 15M marked the beginning of a phase in which big politics ceased to be the exclusive prerogative of the dominant classes and shifted towards subaltern groups. The sequence from 15M to Podemos can be analyzed as a cathartic moment in the Gramscian sense of the term and can also be read with the help of his concept of translation. Discussing Machiavelli’s work, Gramsci defined the party as a modern Prince. However, the conception of the party that prevailed in Podemos is narrower than that of Gramsci. His concept of transformism is useful to analyze Podemos’ strategic evolution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-380
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Iberian and Latin American Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2022


  • 15M
  • Gramsci
  • Podemos
  • crisis


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