Sulfonated poly(2,5-benzimidazole) (SABPBI) impregnated with phosphoric acid as proton conducting membranes for polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Juan Antonio Asensio, Salvador Borrós, Pedro Gómez-Romero

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previously cast ABPBI membranes were sulfonated by doping with sulfuric acid followed by heat treatment at 450°C for 5min in air. Sulfonation degrees between 35 and 49% of the benzimidazole rings were achieved. The resulting SABPBI membranes were impregnated with phosphoric acid (H 3PO4 85%/H2O, 70:30 bath). For concentrated phosphoric acid baths (above 65%), the capacity of these membranes for phosphoric acid uptake (and consequently also their conductivity) increased with the degree of sulfonation. Sulfonated and acid doped SABPBI membranes were characterized in terms of degree of sulfonation, thermal stability (TGA), X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy and proton conductivity in the dry state, and compared with phosphoric acid impregnated ABPBI studied earlier. The maximum conductivity measured in dry conditions was 3.5 × 10-2Scm -2 at 185°C for SABPBI·4.6H3PO4 (with a degree of sulfonation of 41%) which compares favorably with non-sulfonated ABPBI and makes feasible their application in PEM Fuel Cells working at temperatures of 150-200°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4461-4466
Number of pages6
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume49
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2004

Keywords

  • ABPBI
  • PEMFC
  • Polybenzimidazole
  • Polymer electrolyte
  • Proton-conducting membranes
  • Sulfonated polybenzimidazole

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