Selective exposure bias predicts views on diversity over time

De keersmaecker Jonas, Katharina Schmid

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite growing diversity, many individuals do not support it, posing a challenge to the successful functioning of societies, institutions, and organizations. We investigated the role of the selective exposure bias on diversity beliefs. In a large-scale nationally representative Spanish sample (N = 2,297), we conducted a time-lagged experiment with two time points 5 months apart in which we offered participants a monetary incentive to (allegedly) read attitude contradictory versus conforming information about societal support for refugees. The selective exposure bias asymmetrically predicted future diversity beliefs. Among individuals with a positive intergroup orientation, the selective exposure bias did not predict future diversity beliefs. However, among individuals with a negative intergroup orientation, the selective exposure bias predicted lower pro-diversity beliefs over time, over and above initial pro-diversity beliefs and ideological dispositions. These findings suggest that the absence of pro-diversity beliefs partly originates from a cognitive bias, holding critical implications for policymakers seeking to improve intergroup relations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-406
Number of pages6
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Cognitive bias
  • Diversity beliefs
  • Intergroup attitudes
  • Selective exposure bias

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