Scale-ups and scaling in an international business context

Esther Tippmann, Tina C. Ambos, Manlio Del Giudice, Sinéad Monaghan, Dimo Ringov

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Scaling, the persistent rapid growth to deliver a viable business model, often incorporates an explicit international business dimension. However, research on the cross-border management and organization of scaling and scale-ups in international business has been limited. We therefore build on prior scholarly understanding to differentiate scaling in three settings – initiative, organization and ecosystem – and elaborate on their respective international business aspects. We are sensitive to different organizational purposes and their associated scaling for commercial and/or social impact. Our arguments advance the conceptual understanding of scaling in international business and offer an agenda for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101397
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of World Business
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Business models
  • Growth
  • Internationalization
  • Replication
  • Scale-ups
  • Scaling


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