Salmonella mutagenicity assessment of airborne particulate matter collected from urban areas of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, differing in anthropogenic influences and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon levels

Tatiana S. Pereira, Gemma N. Gotor, Laiana S. Beltrami, Celia G. Nolla, Jocelita A.V. Rocha, Francesc P. Broto, Lluis R. Comellas, Vera M.F. Vargas

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urban areas are both major sources and major targets of air pollution. The atmospheric environment receives diverse chemical substances, including genotoxic agents that may affect human health. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the atmospheric quality in two urban areas in Rio Grande do Sul State (Brazil), under the influence of greater (Site 1) or lesser (Site 2) anthropogenic sources. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) of environmental interest were quantified and the Salmonella/microsome assay was used for the measurement of mutagenicity. Organic compounds extracted from the airborne particulate matter were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to detect PAHs of interest (known or possible carcinogens). The organic extracts were also tested for mutagenic and cytotoxic activity in the Salmonella/microsome assay with strains TA98, TA100, YG1021 and YG1024, with or without S9 activation. At Site 1, benzo[. ghi]perylene (BghiP) and indeno[1,2,3- cd]pyrene (IP) were found at higher concentrations and mutagenicity (revertants per μg extract) varied from 1.0 ± 0.25 (TA98, no S9) to 5.2 ± 0.45 (TA98, S9). At Site 2, BghiP and IP were present in larger amounts and the mutagenic responses ranged from 0.6 to 3.7 revertants per μg (both in TA98, S9). The occurrence of BghiP and IP may be related to vehicular emissions. These and the other PAHs studied, as well as the nitro compounds, may contribute to the mutagenicity found in these airborne particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-85
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
Volume702
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2010

Keywords

  • Mutagenicity
  • PAHs
  • Salmonella/microsome assay
  • Urban airborne particulate matter

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