Rethinking Industry 4.0: Is there life beyond manufacturing?

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Industry 4.0 is a concept born within the business and institutional domain. As a result of its popularity, it has been a focus of academic research since 2012. Industry 4.0 is the result of the convergence of different digital technologies in industrial productive systems. It refers to a digitised model of manufacturing, but there is no consensus on what exactly Industry 4.0 is, where its borders are, what organisational domains it comprises, or what technologies support this model. In practical terms, any company operating under an Industry 4.0 framework is subjected to intense technological change. Therefore, Industry 4.0 must be understood as a dynamic and evolving concept. From the academic perspective, it is necessary to clarify the term, understand the underlying factors and connect Industry 4.0 with other management research streams, such as digital transformation, open innovation or corporate venturing. At the crossroads between Industry 4.0 and these fields, new research opportunities appear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-416
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Business Environment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Advanced manufacturing
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Corporate venturing
  • Digital transformation
  • Industry 4.0
  • Internet of things
  • IoT
  • New business models
  • Open innovation


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