Rehabilitation in Adult Post-COVID-19 Patients in Post-Acute Care with Therapeutic Exercise

Cristina Udina, J. Ars, A. Morandi, J. Vilaró, C. Cáceres, M. Inzitari

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

COVID-19 patients may experience disability related to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission or due to immobilization. We assessed pre-post impact on physical performance of multi-component therapeutic exercise for post-COVID-19 rehabilitation in a post-acute care facility. A 30-minute daily multicomponent therapeutic exercise intervention combined resistance, endurance and balance training. Outcomes: Short Physical Performance Battery; Barthel Index, ability to walk unassisted and single leg stance. Clinical, functional and cognitive variables were collected. We included 33 patients (66.2±12.8 years). All outcomes improved significantly in the global sample (p<0.01). Post-ICU patients, who were younger than No ICU ones, experienced greater improvement in SPPB (4.4±2.1 vs 2.5±1.7, p<0.01) and gait speed (0.4±0.2 vs 0.2±0.1 m/sec, p<0.01). In conclusion, adults surviving COVID-19 improved their functional status, including those who required ICU stay. Our results emphasize the need to establish innovative rehabilitative strategies to reduce the negative functional outcomes of COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-300
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Frailty and Aging
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Older adults
  • Post-ICU rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Therapeutic exercise

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