Pulmonary rehabilitation in sarcoidosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Xavier Alsina-Restoy, Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Estrella Caballería, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Lilian Solis-Navarro, Joel Francesqui, Fernanda Hernández-Gonzalez, Manel Ramos-Casals, Isabel Blanco, Jacobo Sellarés

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Exercise intolerance, muscle weakness, dyspnoea, and fatigue are frequent complications in symptomatic sarcoidosis patients. Pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise capacity, symptoms, and quality of life in patients with chronic respiratory diseases. Our objective was to systematically determine the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with sarcoidosis. Methods: A systematic review was conducted in seven databases. Studies that applied pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with sarcoidosis were reviewed. Two independent reviewers analysed the studies, extracted the data and assessed the quality of evidence. Results: Of the 406 reports returned by the initial search, five articles reporting on 184 patients were included in the data synthesis. Two studies included multi-component exercise, one inspiratory muscle training, one a physical activity incentivisation programme, and one a telerehabilitation program. In the intervention group (IG), we found significant improvement in exercise capacity (SMD 1.65, 95%CI 0.45, 2.86 points, p = 0.006). If we only analyse the studies that performed the 6-min walking test, the IG walked 40.3 (CI95% 20.3, 60.2) m higher than the control group (CG) (p < 0.001). Additionally, dyspnoea score was reduced (MD -0.42 95%CI -0.75, −0.10, p = 0.002). However, fatigue, quality of life and pulmonary function did not show any change. Conclusion: Pulmonary rehabilitation could improve exercise capacity and dyspnoea perception in patients with sarcoidosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107432
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Volume219
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dyspnoea
  • Exercise capacity
  • Fatigue
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation
  • Quality of life
  • Sarcoidosis

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