Psychotherapist Interventions Coding System (PICS) A systematic analysis of rhetoric mechanisms in psychotherapy

Olga Herrero, Adriana Aulet, Daniela Alves, Catarina Rosa, Lluís Botella

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review


The aim of the present study is to reformulate a descriptive typology previously developed with grounded theory as a result of the qualitative analysis of a good outcome case study. We developed a transtheoretical and easily usable coding system. We describe the developing process of this new coding system, which is focused on the use of language by the psychotherapist. Four researchers were discussing every stage and basing decisions on consensus. As a result, we have developed the Psychotherapist Interventions Coding System (PICS). The resultant coding system is described within 4 group of macro categories: (1) Discursive contract; (2) Facilitators of the therapeutic relationship (3) Facilitators of the client’s speech; and (4) Liberation of constraining speeches. The PICS aims to contribute to developing knowledge on research and how therapist interventions contribute within psychotherapeutic processes, acknowledge the kind of interventions therapists are using in the sessions and assist teaching on novel therapists in training programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-184
Number of pages28
JournalNarrative Inquiry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2019


  • Coding system
  • Narrative
  • Process of change
  • Process research
  • Psychotherapist intervention
  • Transtheoretical coding system


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