Production of η and η′ mesons in pp and pPb collisions

LHCb Collaboration

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review


The production of η and η′ mesons is studied in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions collected with the LHCb detector. Proton-proton collisions are studied at center-of-mass energies of 5.02 and 13TeV and proton-lead collisions are studied at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon of 8.16TeV. The studies are performed in center-of-mass (c.m.) rapidity regions 2.5<yc.m.<3.5 (forward rapidity) and -4.0<yc.m.<-3.0 (backward rapidity) defined relative to the proton beam direction. The η and η′ production cross sections are measured differentially as a function of transverse momentum for 1.5<pT<10GeV and 3<pT<10GeV, respectively. The differential cross sections are used to calculate nuclear modification factors. The nuclear modification factors for η and η′ mesons agree at both forward and backward rapidity, showing no significant evidence of mass dependence. The differential cross sections of η mesons are also used to calculate η/π0 cross-section ratios, which show evidence of a deviation from the world average. These studies offer new constraints on mass-dependent nuclear effects in heavy-ion collisions, as well as η and η′ meson fragmentation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024907
JournalPhysical Review C
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


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