Prevention of autoimmune diabetes and islet allograft rejection by beta cell expression of XIAP: Insight into possible mechanisms of local immunomodulation

Mercè Obach, Azadeh Hosseini-Tabatabaei, Joel Montane, Katarina Wind, Galina Soukhatcheva, Derek Dai, John J. Priatel, Paul C. Orban, C. Bruce Verchere

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Overexpression of the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) prevents islet allograft rejection. We constructed an adeno-associated virus expressing XIAP driven by the rat insulin promoter (dsAAV8-RIP-XIAP) for long-term beta-cell gene expression in vivo. Pancreatic delivery of dsAAV8-RIP-XIAP prevented autoimmune diabetes in 70% of non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice, associated with decreased insulitis. Islets from Balb/c mice transduced with dsAAV8-RIP-XIAP were protected following transplantation into streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic Bl/6 recipients, associated with decreased graft infiltration. Interestingly, dsAAV8-RIP-XIAP transduction induced expression of lactate dehydrogenase (LDHA) and monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1), two genes normally suppressed in beta cells and involved in production and release of lactate, a metabolite known to suppress local immune responses. Transduction of Balb/c islets with AAV8-RIP-LDHA-MCT1 tended to prolong allograft survival following transplant into STZ-diabetic Bl/6 recipients. These findings suggest that XIAP has therapeutic potential in autoimmune diabetes and raise the possibility that local lactate production may play a role in XIAP-mediated immunomodulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume477
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Autoimmunity
  • Lactate
  • Transplantation
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • XIAP

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