On the Reuse of a Matching Network for IoT Devices Operating at 900 MHz Embedding Antenna Boosters

Jaime Gui, Aurora Andújar, Jaume Anguera

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) is evolving rapidly, enabling more new applications than ever before. Some radio systems in the IoT space used to connect things with things operate at the 863–928 MHz frequency band (e.g., LoRa, ISM). IoT wireless devices at 900 MHz need an efficient antenna to send data into the cloud, and ensure range and long battery life. Moreover, the antenna should be easy to use across different device sizes. In this regard, antenna booster technology is pro-posed, which relies on a tiny element called an antenna booster, able to excite radiation currents on the ground plane of the IoT device. The antenna booster in this paper is only 12 mm × 3 mm × 2.4 mm (height), representing only ~λ/30 at 863 MHz. Such an antenna booster is reactive across the 863–928 MHz frequency range and, thus, a matching network is needed. The paper first proposes a matching network on a 120 mm × 60 mm ground plane. Afterward, an analysis is carried out to find the set of different ground plane sizes where the same matching network as the one used for the 120 mm × 60 mm ground plane can be reused, ensuring an S11 < −6 dB. The goal is to find a map representing a cluster of ground planes where the same antenna system can be used (the same antenna booster and the same matching network) to simplify the design of IoT devices embedding antenna boosters. The analysis is addressed using MoM (Method of Moments) electromagnetic software (IE3D) and validated through measurements. Results indicate that a broad set of device sizes can reuse the same matching network with the same antenna booster, thus, simplifying and accelerating the design of IoT devices since no adjustment is needed on the antenna system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1267
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • ISM
  • IoT
  • LoRa
  • antenna
  • antenna boosters
  • matching network

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