New multivariable prediction model PEdiatric SEpsis recognition and stratification (PESERS score) shows excellent discriminatory capacity

Anna Solé-Ribalta, Cristian Launes, Aida Felipe-Villalobos, Mònica Balaguer, Carles Luaces, Roser Garrido, Sara Bobillo-Pérez, Mònica Girona-Alarcón, Ana Valls, Francisco José Cambra, Elisabeth Esteban, Iolanda Jordan

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To develop a quantitative predictive scoring model for the early recognition and assessment of paediatric sepsis. Methods: Prospective observational study including emergency department and in-hospital febrile patients under 18 years. Sepsis diagnose (Goldstein 2005 definitions) was the main outcome. Variables associated with the outcome were included in a multivariable analysis. Cut-off points, odds ratio and coefficients for the variables kept after the multivariable analysis were identified. The score was obtained from the coefficients, The AUC was obtained from ROC-analysis, and internal validation was performed using k-fold cross-validation. Results: The analysis included 210 patients. 45 variables were evaluated and the bivariate analysis identified 24 variables associated with the outcome. After the multivariable regression, 11 variables were kept and the score was obtained. The model yielded an excellent AUC of 0.886 (95% CI 0.845–0.927), p < 0.001 for sepsis recognition. With a cut-off value of 5 for the score, we obtained a sensitivity of 98%, specificity of 76.7%, positive predictive value of 87.9% and negative predictive value of 93.3%. Conclusion: The proposed scoring model for paediatric sepsis showed adequate discriminatory capacity and sufficient accuracy, which is of great clinical significance in detecting sepsis early and predicting its severity. Nevertheless external validation is needed before clinical use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1209-1219
Number of pages11
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume111
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • infection
  • paediatric
  • prediction model
  • sepsis
  • stratification

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