Neuromuscular fatigue effects on Hamstring to Quadriceps Ratio in young female players

Oriol Nevot-Casas, Montse Pujol-Marzo, Berta Moreno-Planes, Azahara Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Two of the main modifiable risk factors for suffering an injury in the anterior cruciate ligament are known to be the Hamstring-to-Quadriceps (H/Q) Ratio and neuromuscular fatigue. The main purpose of this research was to study the effect of neuromuscular fatigue on the H/Q Ratio and the maximum isometric strength of the quadriceps and hamstrings in teenage female basketball and handball players. Material and methods: This is an experimental, pre-post intervention study with a sample of 19 female basketball players and 11 female handball players (17.02 ± 1.19 yo, 177.8 ± 7.2 cm and 68.6 ± 9.3 kg). To assess muscle strength, a maximum isometric strength test was performed in a 90° hip and 60° knee position. The H/Q Ratio was then calculated. The 30–15 Intermittent Fatigue Test (30–15 IFT) was used to induce fatigue, measured using the Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) scale. A descriptive analysis and a Student's t-test were performed to study the differences in the H/Q Ratio, muscle strength and pre-post intervention fatigue. Results: Although the H/Q Ratio decreased after the 30–15 IFT, the differences were not statistically significant. Regarding strength values, the right and left quadriceps presented strength reductions of 4.52% and 5.55%, respectively. The reduction in strength was statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05), especially in the right hamstring (7.3%) and in the left hamstring (7.5%). The study conclusions suggest that leg muscular strength decreases after a fatigue test and that there is a tendency for the H/Q Ratio to decrease also.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalApunts Sports Medicine
Volume55
Issue number208
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • H/Q Ratio
  • muscle fatigue
  • Muscle strength
  • Women's sports

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