Motivational profiles and flow in physical education lessons

Alvaro Sicilia Camacho, Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia, Antonio J.Rojas Tejada

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to use cluster analysis to identify differences in goal orientation and motivational climate profiles among students in physical education classes as well as differences among the observed clusters on perceived flow experiences. 983 students of 14- to 15-yr.-olds (M=14.8 yr., SD = 0.91) from a large Spanish metropolitan school district were participants and completed questionnaires assessing goal orientations, motivational climates, and perceived flow. Analysis showed three distinct clusters with 40.3% of the sample with a High Motivation cluster, 27.6% in a Low Motivation cluster, and 32.2% in a Mastery Motivation cluster. These three clusters differed significantly in ratings of perceived flow. Clusters also showed different composition by sex. Implications of these results with regard to instruction in physical education classes are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-494
Number of pages22
JournalPerceptual and Motor Skills
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


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