Motivation for change as a predictor of treatment response for dysthymia

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Dysthmia constitutes a chronic, mild affective disorder characterized by heterogeneous treatment effects. Several predictors of clinical response and attendance have been postulated, although research on the role of the psychological variables involved in this mental disorder is still scarce. Method: Fifty-four adult patients, who met criteria for dysthymia completed an ongoing naturalistic treatment based on the brief interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-B), which was delivered bimonthly over 16 months. As potential predictor variables, the therapeutic alliance, coping strategies, perceived self-efficacy, and motivation for change were measured at baseline. Outcome variables were response to treatment (Clinical Global Impression and Beck’s Depression Inventory) and treatment attendance. Results: Stepwise multiple linear regression analyses revealed that higher motivation for change predicted better response to treatment. Moreover, higher motivation for change also predicted treatment attendance. Therapeutic alliance was not a predictor variable of neither clinical response nor treatment attendance. Conclusions: These preliminary findings support the adjunctive use of motivational interviewing (MI) techniques in the treatment of dysthymia. Further research with larger sample size and follow-up assessment is warranted.

Translated title of the contributionMotivación para el cambio como predictor de la respuesta terapéutica en la distimia
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-160
Number of pages5
JournalPsicothema
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Motivation for change
  • predictor
  • treatment
  • dysthymia
  • Motivational interviewing

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