Modelling the integration-performance relationship: Collaborative practices, enablers and contextual factors

Taco van der Vaart, Dirk Pieter van Donk, Cristina Gimenez, Vicenta Sierra

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of different dimensions of supply chain integration on performance, while considering both the interconnections between these supply chain integration dimensions and the effect of context. Specifically, the authors investigate the relationship between two enablers (communication infrastructure and cooperative behaviour) and two practices (planning information and joint improvement), and the moderating effect of supply complexity on their relationship with performance. Design/methodology/approach: A survey among 145 Dutch and Spanish manufacturers is used to gather data on the buyer-supplier relationship. Both the sample and two subsamples - for high and low supply complexity - are analysed using SmartPLS. Findings: The paper finds that two dimensions - communication infrastructure and cooperative behaviour - enable the two collaborative practices: joint improvement and planning information. All mentioned supply chain integration dimensions, except joint improvement are related to performance, but specifically if the supply complexity is high. Among these dimensions the effect of cooperative behaviour is relatively high. Originality/value: This paper adds to our understanding of how contingencies influence the supply chain. It is the first paper that investigates the moderating effect of the complexity of the process of delivery (supply complexity) on the effectiveness of supply chain integration practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043-1074
Number of pages32
JournalInternational Journal of Operations and Production Management
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Buyer-seller relationships
  • Cooperation
  • Spain
  • Supply chain integration
  • Supply chain management
  • Supply complexity
  • Survey
  • The Netherlands


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