Mechanical and phase stability of TiBC coatings up to 1000 degrees C

Manuel D. Abad, Stephen C. Veldhuis, Jose L. Endrino, Ben D. Beake, Alberto García-Luis, Marta Brizuela, Juan C. Sánchez-López

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


TiBC coatings with different phase compositions (nanocrystalline TiBxCy or TiB2 phases mixed or not with amorphous carbon, a-C) were prepared by magnetron sputtering. These coatings were comparatively studied in terms of phase stability after thermal annealing at 250, 500, 750, and 1000 degrees C in argon using Raman and x-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy techniques. The main differences were observed at temperatures above 500 degrees C when oxidation processes occur and the mechanical properties deteriorate. At 1000 degrees C, the samples were fully oxidized forming a-C, TiO2, and B2O3 as final products. Higher hardness and reduced indentation modulus values and better tribological properties were observed at 750 degrees C for nanocomposite structures including amorphous carbon and ternary TiBxCy phases. This behavior is attributed to a protective effect associated with the a-C phase which is achieved by the encapsulation of the nanocrystals in the coating and the better hard/lubricant phase ratio associated with this type of coating. (C) 2014 American Vacuum Society.
Original languageEnglish
Article number021508
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Nanocomposite thin-films
  • B-n coatings
  • Thermal-stability
  • Oxidation resistance
  • Hard coatings
  • Raman
  • Microstructure
  • Behavior
  • Plasma
  • Carbon


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