Influence of hydraulic retention time and carbon loading rate on the production of algae

C. M. Fernandez-Marchante, Y. Asensio, J. Lobato, J. Villaseñor, P. Cañizares, M. A. Rodrigo

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper is focused on the assessment of the production of algae in batch bioreactors. Hydraulic retention time, carbon loading rate and light color were the inputs of the study and algae production the main output. Bioreactors were operated in semi-continuous mode and tests lasted two months, more than two times the period required to meet a steady-state response. This steady-state was verified with plateau responses in both, soluble parameters and suspended solids. Results points out the great relevance of temperature. Likewise, they show that green light improves the production of algae, as well as long HRT and high CLR. Maximum production rates attained were in the range 4–14 mg d−1 L−1. The ratio COD /TSS for this biofuel was almost constant (3.13 mg COD mg−1 TSS) but the quality of the product obtained in terms of the Mean Oxidation State of Carbon is completely different. Longer HRT leads to lower MOSC and hence to potentially more valuable fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-79
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sept 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Algae production
  • Carbon fixation
  • Carbon loading rate
  • Chlorella vulgaris
  • Hydraulic retention time
  • Light


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