In vitro fungicidal photodynamic effect of hypericin on candida species

Antonio Rezusta, Patricia Lõpez-Chicõn, Manuel P. Paz-Cristobal, Mireia Alemany-Ribes, David Royo-Díez, Montserrat Agut, Carlos Semino, Santi Nonell, Ma Jose Revillo, Carmen Aspiroz, Yolanda Gilaberte

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypericin is a natural photosensitizer considered for the new generation of photodynamic therapy (PDT) drugs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro fungicidal effect of hypericin PDT on various Candida spp., assessing its photocytotoxicity to keratinocytes (HaCaT) and dermal fibroblasts (hNDF) to determine possible side effects. A 3 log fungicidal effect was observed at 0.5 McFarland for two Candida albicans strains, Candida parapsilosis and Candida krusei with hypericin concentrations of 0.625, 1.25, 2.5 and 40 μm, respectively, at a fluence of 18 J cm-2 (LED lamp emitting at 602 ± 10 nm). To obtain a 6 log reduction, significantly higher hypericin concentrations and light doses were needed (C. albicans 5 μm, C. parapsilosis 320 μM and C. krusei 320 μM; light dose 37 J cm-2). Keratinocytes and fibroblasts can be preserved by keeping the hypericin concentration below 1 μm and the light dose below 37 J cm-2. C. albicans appears to be suitable for treatment with hypericin PDT without significant damage to cutaneous cells. Photodynamic treatments using hypericin show a fungicidal effect on Candida spp., the most sensitive strain being Candida albicans and the most resistant Candida krusei. C. albicans infections could be suitable for treatment with hypericin PDT without significant damage to cutaneous cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-619
Number of pages7
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

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