Improving Glass Transition Temperature and Toughness of Epoxy Adhesives by a Complex Room-Temperature Curing System by Changing the Stoichiometry

Oiane Ruíz de Azúa, Núria Agulló, Jordi Arbusà, Salvador Borrós

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The glass transition temperature (Tg) of room-temperature curing epoxy adhesives is limited by the temperature used during curing. It is already known that the excess of epoxy groups can undergo a homopolymerization reaction initiated by tertiary amines at elevated temperatures, resulting in an increase in Tg. However, there is no evidence of this reaction occurring at room temperature. In the present work, the influence of formulation stoichiometry on Tg and mechanical properties was investigated. Dynamomechanical, rheological and mechanical properties of epoxy adhesives were determined by DSC, DMA, rheometer and tensile and shear strength testing. It has been probed that an excess of epoxy resin combined with a complex curing system composed of a primary amine, a polymercaptan and a tertiary amine leads to an increase in Tg up to 70 °C due to the homopolymerization reaction that takes place at room temperature. However, as the excess of epoxy resin is increased, gel time becomes slower. Regarding mechanical properties, it has been proven that an excess of epoxy resin provides a tighter and tougher material but maintains flexibility of the stoichiometric formulation, which is meant to enhance the resistance to impact-type forces, thermal shock and thermal cycling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number252
Number of pages12
JournalPolymers
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • epoxy adhesives
  • glass transition temperature
  • mechanical properties
  • room-temperature curing
  • stoichiometry

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