Improvement of pharmacological treatments in nursing homes: Medication review by consultant pharmacists

Conxita Mestres, Marta Hernandez, Blanca Llagostera, Montse Espier, Marta Chandre

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To establish a medication review programme in geriatric patients in nursing homes. 

Methods: 70 nursing homes, attended by 8 healthcare teams; two consultant pharmacists provide training and support. Prospective study, conducted between August and December 2013, consisting in patients medication profile review, using an algorithm developed by the Pharmacy Department. Drug-related problems (DRP) were communicated to physicians and documented using the Pharmaceutical Care Network Europe scheme. Medication appropriateness index (MAI) score was calculated before and after the pharmacist's interventions. 

Results: Medication profiles of 127 patients (mean age 84 years) were reviewed. 424 DRP were detected, the majority related to potential adverse drug events. Pharmacists' interventions/recommendations were made mainly at prescription level. Lack of indication for the drug prescribed in the clinical record was a recurrent problem, thus indicating a somewhat poor quality in these records. Potentially inappropriate drug prescription was also a common problem (17.6%). Cardiovascular, alimentary tract and metabolism and nervous system drugs were those with more DRP. Degree of acceptance of interventions was 80%. The principal cause of non-acceptance was when the drug has been prescribed by a specialist. Number of drugs per patient dropped from 10.3 to 9.5, and the mean MAI score dropped from 5.4 to 1.3. 

Conclusions: The incorporation of consultant pharmacists at nursing home level has led us to know the quality of prescription and the DRP. We have established a multidisciplinary team that works for the improvement of drug use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-211
Number of pages5
Journal European journal of hospital pharmacy
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Polypharmacy
  • Inappropriate Prescribing
  • Deprescriptions

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