Home- vs gym-based exercise delivery modes of two multicomponent intensity training regimes on cardiorespiratory fitness and arterial stiffness in adults with intellectual and developmental disability during the COVID-19 pandemic – a randomized controlled trial

Xavier Melo, Bruno Simão, Catarina Catela, Isabel Oliveira, Sara Planche, Ana Louseiro, João Luís Marôco, Guillermo R. Oviedo, Bo Fernhall, Helena Santa-Clara

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We compared the effects of home- vs gym-based delivery modes of two 8-week supervised multicomponent intensity training regimes on cardiorespiratory fitness and arterial stiffness in 17 adults with intellectual and developmental disability during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Participants were assigned to sprint interval training or continuous aerobic training, both incorporating resistance training. The intervention started with 8-weeks of online training (M1-M2), 1-month of detraining, plus 8-weeks of gym-based training (M3-M4). Results: Peak oxygen uptake decreased from M1-M2 and increased from M2-M4. Central arterial stiffness decreased between M1-M2, and M1-M4, along with peripheral arterial stiffness. Central systolic blood pressure decreased from M1-M2 only with sprint interval training. Conclusion: Home-based training minimized the negative impact of the lockdown on central arterial stiffness and central blood pressure, but it did not match the benefits on cardiorespiratory fitness and peripheral arterial stiffness of a gym-based intervention, irrespective of the multicomponent intensity training regime. Registered in ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05701943.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disabilities
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • arterial stiffness
  • blood pressure
  • cardiorespiratory fitness
  • covid-19
  • delivery mode
  • intellectual developmental disability
  • multicomponent exercise
  • physical exercise

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Home- vs gym-based exercise delivery modes of two multicomponent intensity training regimes on cardiorespiratory fitness and arterial stiffness in adults with intellectual and developmental disability during the COVID-19 pandemic – a randomized controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this