Evidence supporting need satisfaction and frustration as two distinguishable constructs

Ylenio Longo, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Alvaro Sicilia

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This paper aims to (1) investigate whether psychological need satisfaction and frustration are distinguishable constructs or part of a single continuum, and (2) to develop and validate the Spanish version of the Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (NSFS). Method: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory structural equation models (ESEM) were tested using three samples (Ntotal = 959). Results: In all samples, a CFA model specifying satisfaction and frustration of each psychological need as distinguishable constructs fit the data better than models specifying them as part of a continuum, even after including method corrections (CFA) or cross-loadings (ESEM). Scale score reliabilities were adequate only when the satisfaction and frustration of each need were treated as distinguishable constructs. Conclusions: The paper provides strong support for specifying need satisfaction and frustration as distinguishable but correlated constructs, as well as adequate evidence of dimensionality, reliability and criterion validity for the Spanish version of the NSFS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalPsicothema
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autonomy
  • Competence
  • Factor analysis
  • Relatedness
  • Self-determination theory

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