Evaluating the alterations of the estrogen-responsive genes in Cyprinodon variegatus larvae for biomonitoring the impacts of estrogenic endocrine disruptors (EEDs)

Sandra Isabel Moreno Abril, Ana Olmos Pin, Alexandre M. Schonemann, Marina Bellot, Cristian Gómez-Canela, Ricardo Beiras

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Currently, endocrine disruptors (EDs) can be found in all the environmental compartments. To understand the effects of estrogenic EDs (EEDs), adults of Cyprinodon variegatus have been classically used as a marine model. However, it is during development that exposure to contaminants may generate permanent consequences. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the effects produced by acute exposure to 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) in C. variegatus larvae. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) results revealed the induction of vtg and zp gene expression on exposure to 1000 ng/L EE2 and the induction of vtgc, zp2, zp3 and cyp19a2, and inhibition of vtgab, wap and cyp1a1 on exposure to 100 ng/L EE2. Lower concentrations inhibited the gene expression of vtgab and wap (50 ng/L), cyp1a1 (25 ng/L) and zp2 (12.5 ng/L). These alterations in gene expression allow us to affirm that larvae of C. variegatus are an efficient and sensitive model for biomonitoring EEDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104042
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Aromatase
  • EE2
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Vitellogenin
  • Wap
  • Zona pellucida

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