Effects of interval and continuous exercise training on autonomic cardiac function in COPD patients

Diego A. Rodríguez, Ane Arbillaga, Anael Barberan-Garcia, Alba Ramirez-Sarmiento, Yolanda Torralba, Jordi Vilaró, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Joaquim Gea, Mauricio Orozco-Levi, Josep Roca, Ester Marco

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: Both interval (IT) and continuous (CT) exercise training results in an improvement of aerobic capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, their effects on cardiac autonomic function remains unclear. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of a supervised CT vs IT on autonomic cardiac function in COPD patients. Methods: COPD patients were divided into two different groups according to training modality (IT or CT). Autonomic cardiac dysfunction (ACD) was defined as a heart rate recovery lower than 12bpm heart rate after the first minute of maximal exercise (HRR1) and an abnormal chronotropic response (CR) to exercise (<80%). Results: A total of 29 patients mean [standard deviation (SD)] age: 68 (8) years, %FEV1: 42 (13) predicted were trained (15 subjects in the CT group, 14 subjects in the IT group). After training, both groups increased peak oxygen consumption [mean difference ΔVO2 peak: 156mL/min (P=0.04) on IT; and 210mL/min (P=0.01) on CT], HRR1 [IT, from 10.4 (5) to 13.8 (5) bpm (P=0.04); and CT, from 14.3 (5) to 17.7 (5) bpm (P=0.04)] and CR [IT, from 57% (22) to 81% (9) (P=0.001); and CT, from 48% (28) to 73% (17) (P=0.001)]. Sixteen patients showed ACD. Among these patients, HRR1 (P=0.01 for IT and P=0.04 for CT) and CR (P=0.001 for IT and P=0.002 for CT) were enhanced after training. Conclusions: Both IT and CT exercise training improve heart rate recovery and CR in COPD patients. These benefits could help to individualize exercise training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Respiratory Journal
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autonomic function
  • COPD
  • Continuous training
  • Exercise
  • Interval training

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