Effects of Exercise in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Luis Vasconcello-Castillo, Homero Puppo, Ignacio Cabrera-Aguilera, Matías Otto-Yáñez, Javiera Rosales-Fuentes, Jordi Vilaró

Research output: Indexed journal article Reviewpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) constitutes a public health problem, with various systemic consequences that can increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality as well as increase healthcare expenditure. This review discusses the rationale and effects of using general physical exercise, oropharyngeal exercises, and respiratory muscle training as an adjunctive treatment for patients with sleep apnoea. The recommended treatment for OSA is the use of continuous positive airway pressure, which is a therapy that prevents apnoea events by keeping the airways open. In the last decade, coadjuvant treatments that aim to support weight loss (including diet and physical exercise) and oropharyngeal exercises have been proposed to lower the apnoea/hypopnoea index among patients with OSA. Based on the available evidence, health professionals could decide to incorporate these therapeutic strategies to manage patients with sleep apnoea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-235
Number of pages9
JournalClocks and Sleep
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Oropharyngeal exercises
  • Physical exercise
  • Respiratory muscle training
  • Sleep apnoea

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