Do foreign stocks substitute for international diversification?

Vicente J. Bermejo, José M. Campa, Rodolfo G. Campos, Mohammed Zakriya

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Using a novel sample of foreign securities available for trade in 42 countries during the last four decades (1979–2018), we examine the rise in importance of foreign stocks for investors in their host countries and its implications for diversification across industries and countries. The availability of foreign stocks allows domestic investors to increase their international diversification from home by investing in these stocks. We conclude that including foreign stocks in portfolio investments offers an effective substitute for international diversification, and contributes significantly towards increasing the integration of global markets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1191-1223
Number of pages33
JournalEuropean Financial Management
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • country/industry effects
  • foreign stocks
  • international capital markets
  • international diversification


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