Development, characterization and test of an ultrasonic vibration-assisted ball burnishing tool

Ramon Jerez-Mesa, Jose Antonio Travieso-Rodriguez, Giovanni Gomez-Gras, Jordi Lluma-Fuentes

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the design and characterization of an ultrasonic vibration-assisted ball burnishing (VABB) tool on Ti-6Al-4V. This process is based on the modification of conventional ball burnishing, by means of the addition of a 40-kHz vibratory force to the burnishing preload exerted by the spring inside the tool. For the purposes of successfully executing the process, a new tool is designed through the assembly of different modules responsible for the various aspects involved in it. That design is hereby presented. Then, a methodology comprising acoustic emission and high frequency sampling is proposed to characterize the functioning of a prototype manufactured according to the previously presented design. The set of techniques deployed to measure the performance of the VABB prototype is presented as a feasible means of characterizing this sort of advanced manufacturing tools, especially like this one which is governed by ultrasonic frequencies. Last of all, the prototype is tested on a Ti-6Al-4V surface to validate it. The superior results of VABB, compared to the non-assisted version of the process, is shown in terms of average and total surface roughness, as well as surface hardness. The highest improvement is achieved by applying the VABB process with 300 N and 5 passes. The effectiveness of the designed prototype is confirmed, and places this kind of VABB tools as inexpensive systems to successfully execute an innovative finishing process for industrial components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-212
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Acoustic emission
  • Hardness
  • Roughness
  • Titanium
  • Vibration-assisted ball burnishing


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