Degradation of malachite green by a pulsed light/H2O2 process

Patricia Navarro, Jean Pier Zapata, Gemma Gotor, Rafael Gonzalez-Olmos, Vicente M. Gómez-López

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Pulsed light (PL) is a type of photonic technology characterized by intense short light pulses that enhance the speed of photochemical reactions, and which might be useful as light source in advanced oxidation processes. This work aimed to test PL as light source for the degradation of the dye malachite green (MG) by combining PL with H2O2. To this end, the effect of dye and H2O2 concentrations and pH on the degradation rate of MG was studied and a degradation pathway was proposed. Dye degradation followed a pseudo-first order kinetics; it increased with low initial dye concentration, high H2O2 concentration and low pH. Complete decolourization was achieved after 35 light pulses (75 J/cm2), with a degradation rate of 0.0710 cm2/J. The degradation was initiated by the attack of hydroxyl radicals to the central carbon of MG generating 4-(dimethylamino)benzophenone (DLBP) followed by the addition of hydroxyl radicals to the non-amino aromatic ring of DLBP and the demethylation of the amino group. Results indicate that PL technology has potential to be implemented to decrease the environmental impact of dyeing industries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-269
Number of pages10
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Advanced oxidation process
  • Malachite green
  • Pulsed light
  • Textile dye
  • Wastewater


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