Coberturas vacunales en centros geriátricos

Translated title of the contribution: Vaccination coverage of residents in nursing homes

Sofia Berlanga Fernández, Noelia González-López, Miguel-Ángel Carreiro-Alonso, Angelique Casas-Thomsem, Ángela Amorós-Molina, Sònia Sarret-Vilà, Mª Pilar Echevarría-Bayas

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review


Objectives: Describing the vaccination coverage in residents of three geriatric centers of Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, as well as the criteria that indicate systematic and non-systematic vaccination.

Method: A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study of 98 residents of three geriatric care residences in Hospitalet de Llobregat, who were admitted six months before the date of data collection at least (August 2016). Sociodemographic and clinical variables (fragility, systematic and non - systematic vaccination, pathologies and treatment) are analyzed, using univariate descriptive analysis with frequency distribution measures and association between the results of categorical variables using the c2 test using SPSS v.22.

Results: Population with mean age of 85.4 (±7.2) years old, 67.3% women. The 80.41% presented fragility criteria. The most prevalent pathologies are cardiovascular disease (52.6%), dementia (42.2%) and diabetes mellitus (25.5%). Systematic vaccination in residents: 93.8% correctly vaccinated of influenza, 83.7% of pneumococcal 23-valent and 61.2% of tetanus-diphtheria. The 44.9% had incomplete vaccination and 25.8% of them voluntarily rejected some or all vaccines. Non-systematic vaccination: the 100% of residents with renal insufficiency and 11.11% of residents with neoplasias were correctly vaccinated with 13-valent pneumococcal.

Conclusions: The resident profile is a woman older than 85 years old, fragile, well vaccinated with 23-valent pneumococcal and influenza and with low tetanus-diphtheria coverage. There is a high percentage of incomplete vaccination, with vaccination rejection being that one of the main reasons. The most susceptible non-systematic vaccines to be administrated were: 13-valent pneumococcal and HBV vaccines. The recommendations of scientific authorities and societies have a lack of unanimity in the indication of non-systematic vaccines
Translated title of the contributionVaccination coverage of residents in nursing homes
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018


  • Vaccination
  • Immunization coverage
  • Frail elderly
  • Health of institutionalized elderly
  • Primary health care


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