Associations between eating speed, diet quality, adiposity, and cardiometabolic risk factors

the Childhood Obesity Risk Assessment Longitudinal Study (CORALS) study investigators, María Dolores Zomeño

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess the associations between eating speed, adiposity, cardiometabolic risk factors, and diet quality in a cohort of Spanish preschool-children. Study design: A cross-sectional study in 1371 preschool age children (49% girls; mean age, 4.8 ± 1.0 years) from the Childhood Obesity Risk Assessment Longitudinal Study (CORALS) cohort was conducted. After exclusions, 956 participants were included in the analyses. The eating speed was estimated by summing the total minutes used in each of the 3 main meals and then categorized into slow, moderate, or fast. Multiple linear and logistic regression models were fitted to assess the β-coefficient, or OR and 95% CI, between eating speed and body mass index, waist circumference, fat mass index (FMI), blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, and lipid profile. Results: Compared with participants in the slow-eating category, those in the fast-eating category had a higher prevalence risk of overweight/obesity (OR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.8-4.4; P <.01); larger waist circumference (β, 2.6 cm; 95% CI, 1.5-3.8 cm); and greater FMI (β, 0.3 kg/m2; 95% CI, 0.1-0.5 kg/m2), systolic blood pressure (β, 2.8 mmHg; 95% CI, 0.6-4.9 mmHg), and fasting plasma glucose levels (β, 2.7 mg/dL, 95% CI, 1.2-4.2 mg/dL) but lower adherence to the Mediterranean diet (β, −0.5 points; 95% CI, −0.9 to −0.1 points). Conclusions: Eating fast is associated with higher adiposity, certain cardiometabolic risk factors, and lower adherence to a Mediterranean diet. Further long-term and interventional studies are warranted to confirm these associations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39.e1
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • CORALS
  • Mediterranean diet
  • cardiometabolic disorders
  • childhood obesity
  • eating behaviors
  • Impact
  • Obesity
  • Body-mass index
  • Meal
  • Oral processing characteristics
  • Cohort
  • Population
  • Children
  • Food

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