Asociación de la actividad física con la funcionalidad de las lipoproteínas de alta densidad en una cohorte de base poblacional: el estudio REGICOR

Translated title of the contribution: Association of physical activity with high-density lipoprotein functionality in a population-based cohort: the REGICOR study

Raúl Viadas, Andrea Toloba, Isabel Fernández, Sergi Sayols-Baixeras, Álvaro Hernáez, Helmut Schroeder, Irene R. Dégano, Camille Lassale, Jaume Marrugat, Roberto Elosua

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction and objectives: To determine the dose-response association between current and past leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), total and at different intensities, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) functionality parameters. Methods: Study participants (n = 642) were randomly drawn from a large population-based survey. Mean age of the participants was 63.2 years and 51.1% were women. The analysis included data from a baseline and a follow-up visit (median follow-up, 4 years). LTPA was assessed using validated questionnaires at both visits. Two main HDL functions were assessed: cholesterol efflux capacity and HDL antioxidant capacity, at the follow-up visit. Linear regression and linear additive models were used to assess the linear and nonlinear association between LTPA and HDL functionality. Results: Total LTPA at follow-up showed an inverse and linear relationship between 0 and 400 METs x min/d with HDL antioxidant capacity (regression coefficient [beta]: −0.022; 95%CI, −0.030, −0.013), with a plateau above this threshold. The results were similar for moderate (beta: −0.028; 95%CI, −0.049, −0.007) and vigorous (beta: −0.025; 95%CI, −0.043, −0.007), but not for light-intensity LTPA. LTPA at follow-up was not associated with cholesterol efflux capacity. Baseline LTPA was not associated with any of the HDL functionality parameters analyzed. Conclusions: Current moderate and vigorous LTPA showed a nonlinear association with higher HDL antioxidant capacity. Maximal benefit was observed with low-intermediate doses of total LTPA (up to 400 METs x min/d). Our results agree with current recommendations for moderate-vigorous LTPA practice and suggest an association between PA and HDL functionality in the general population. Full English text available from:www.revespcardiol.org/en

Translated title of the contributionAssociation of physical activity with high-density lipoprotein functionality in a population-based cohort: the REGICOR study
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)86-93
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Espanola de Cardiologia
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Dose-response
  • HDL functionality
  • Physical activity
  • Cholesterol
  • High density lipoprotein
  • Antioxidant

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