An analysis of the scale height at the F2-layer peak over three middle-latitude stations in the European sector

M. Mosert, D. Buresova, S. Magdaleno, B. De La Morena, D. Altadill, R. G. Ezquer, L. Scida

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an analysis of the variations of the scale height at the F2-layer peak (Hm) under different seasonal and solar-activity conditions. The database includes hourly H m values derived from ionograms recorded at three middle-latitude stations in the European sector: El Arenosillo (37.1°N; 353.3°E), Ebro (40.8°N, 0.5°E) and Pruhonice (50.0°N; 15.0°E). The results show that, in general: (1) Hm exhibits diurnal variation with higher values during daytime than during night-time and secondary peaks around sunrise and sunset; (2) during winter time the scale height is lower than in summer time; (3) the scale heights increase with increasing solar activity; (4) H m decreases when the latitude increases; (5) Hm shows a low correlation with the F2-region peak parameters N mF2 and hmF2 and a high correlation with the thickness parameter B0 and the equivalent slab thickness EST; (6) the day-to-day variability is greater at low solar activity than at high solar activity - it reaches maximum values around sunrise or sunset and it is lower around midnight than around noon at low solar activity. The results of this study are similar to those reported by other authors and can be useful for estimating the topside ionosphere from bottomside measurements and modelling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-503
Number of pages11
JournalEarth, Planets and Space
Volume64
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Bottom density profile
  • Middle-latitude ionosphere
  • α-Chapman scale height

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