Advanced mass spectrometry profiling of phenolic and minerals compounds in herbal beverages

Laura Pineda Puig, Meritxell Cabré Boqué, Ariadna Verdaguer Ferrer, Laura Fernández-Ruano, Josep Lluis Lliberia Blasco, Margalida Artigues Cladera

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The global pandemic of COVID-19 has led to an increased interest in herbal infusions as natural remedies since 2020. This has also heightened the need for controlling the composition of these dietary supplements to ensure consumer health and prevent food fraud. In the present work, various mass spectrometry techniques were used to analyze the organic and inorganic composition of 23 herbal infusion samples. UHPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS was used to determine target, suspect, and nontarget polyphenolic compounds. Thus, 8 phenolic compounds were identified in the target analysis and additionally, 80 extra-compounds were identified through suspect and nontargeted screening. ICP-MS was used to monitor the metals released during tea leaf infusion, providing a complete mineral composition of each sample. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Discriminant Analysis (DA) were utilized to identify relevant compounds for differentiating and grouping the samples, thus serving as specific markers to detect potential food fraud.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136767
Number of pages11
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume428
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Chemical profile
  • Chemometric analysis
  • Classification
  • Herbal infusions
  • Mass spectrometry techniques
  • Polyphenols

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