A political candidate's brand image scale: Are political candidates brands

Francisco Guzmán, Vicenta Sierra

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)


This study analyses the brand image of presidential candidates for Mexico's 2006 election. Respondents from a nationwide random probabilistic sample of Mexico's voting population were asked to evaluate the personality- brand image- of the three principal political candidates based on 58 selected traits that result from combining Aaker's brand personality and Caprara et al 's candidate personality frameworks. Data were analysed using Principal Component Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling procedures. The resulting brand image framework for Mexico's 2006 presidential candidates was represented by five factors (competence, empathy, openness, agreeableness and handsomeness). As the resulting framework explains which elements of a candidate's brand image are taken into consideration when making an electoral decision, it has a practical application for future political campaigns. It also provides a conceptual platform for viewing political candidates as brands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-217
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Brand Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009


  • Brand personality
  • Candidate personality
  • Candidates' brand image
  • Factor analysis


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