A mindfulness training program based on brief practices (M-PBI) to reduce stress in the workplace: a randomised controlled pilot study

M. Arredondo, M. Sabaté, N. Valveny, M. Langa, R. Dosantos, J. Moreno, L. Botella

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Work stress is a major contributor to absenteeism and reduced work productivity. A randomised and controlled study in employee-volunteers (with Perceived Stress Scale [PSS-14]>22) was performed to assess a mindfulness program based on brief integrated mindfulness practices (M-PBI) with the aim of reducing stress in the workplace. The PSS-14 of the employees before and after 8-weeks M-PBI program, as well as after a 20-week follow-up, was assessed (primary endpoint). The employees also carried the following questionnaires (secondary endpoints): Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), Experiences Questionnaire-Decentering (EQ-D), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS). Heart Rate Variability (HRV) was measured during each session in a subgroup of employees (n = 10) of the interventional group randomly selected. A total of 40 employees (77.5% female median [SD] age of 36.6 [5.6] years) took part in this study: 21 and 19 in the intervention and control group, respectively. No differences in baseline characteristics were encountered between the groups. Results show a significant decrease in stress and increase in mindfulness over time in the intervention group (PSS-14 and FFMQ; p < 0.05 both). Additionally, an improvement in decentering (EQ-D), self-compassion (SCS) and burnout (MBI-GS) were also observed compared to the control group (p < 0.05 in all). HRV measurement also showed an improvement. In conclusion, a brief practices, 8-weeks M-BIP program is an effective tool to quickly reduce stress and improve well-being in a workplace.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-51
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • EQ-D
  • FFMQ
  • M-PBI
  • Mindfulness
  • burnout
  • heart rate variability
  • stress
  • workplace

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